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Events at the London 2012 Olympic games

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date_scraped gold startdate venue finishdate link sport athletes history category
2010-03-26 11:57:19 2 2010-07-25 (' Wembley Stadium', 'Old Trafford', 'Millennium Stadium', "St James' Park", 'Hampden Park') 2010-08-11 Football 504 Football is one of the most widely played and oldest games in existence. The ancient Chinese, Greeks and Romans played something very similar to Football long before the English Kings in the 1300s and 1400s tried to outlaw what they described as a violent sport. In modern terms, Football began when the Football Association of England was founded in 1863. The game was spread throughout the world by English sailors who used to play it wherever they went. None
2010-03-26 11:57:17 10 2010-07-28 ExCeL 2010-08-05 Fencing 212 Fencing has its roots in ancient sword fighting. As a sport, it began in the 17th century when the ‘foil’ – a sword with a flattened tip - was invented as a practice weapon to help duellers prepare for their deadly contests. A set of rules was soon developed, followed by wire-mesh face masks, which made it a safe activity. None
2010-03-26 11:57:16 2 2010-08-04 Greenwich Park 2010-08-09 Equestrian 75 The discipline of Jumping as we know it today developed in the 18 th century after fences were put up in the English countryside following the Enclosures Act. Previously, hunters would gallop across open fields in their pursuit of foxes. But when fences were erected following the Acts, a new and much desired trait took to the fore - the jumping horse. Many regard Italian Federico Caprilli as ‘the father of modern riding’, a status he earned by revolutionising the jumping seat. Before him, riders would lean back and pull the reins when jumping a fence. However this technique was awkward and uncomfortable for the horse. Caprilli’s solution was the more natural ‘forward seat’ position. This technique is now universally used. Jumping
2010-03-26 11:57:11 75 2010-07-28 Greenwich Park 2010-07-31 Equestrian 75 Developed to test and prepare cavalry horses in the military, Eventing has a long and colourful history. Initially, the purpose was to create a competition in which officers and horses could be tested for any challenges that could occur on or off duty. It also provided a basis to compare training standards between the cavalries of different countries. Eventing combines every element of horsemanship – the harmony between horse and rider of Dressage; the contact with speed, natural ability and extensive experience essential for the Cross Country; and the precision, agility and technique involved in Jumping. Eventing
2010-03-26 11:57:05 2 2010-08-02 Greenwich Park 2010-08-08 Equestrian 50 The history of equestrian sport dates back over 2,000 years, to when the Greeks introduced Dressage training to prepare their horses for war. It continued to develop as a military exercise through the Middle Ages. In the 18th century, classical Dressage reached its peak with the creation of the world-famous Spanish Riding School in 1729 in Vienna. This laid the basis of the modern discipline. In its modern form, Equestrian owes much to its inclusion in the Olympic Games, which led to the creation of the Fédération Equestre Internationale (FEI) in 1921. More recently and with unprecedented success, the freestyle to music test was introduced and has since become an integral part of Dressage. Freestyle is the pinnacle of Dressage execution and when it works, the result is magic. Through its development of international competitions, the FEI has helped to spread the popularity of horse sport far beyond its traditional army base. Dressage
2010-03-26 11:56:58 None 2010-07-28 VeloPark 2010-08-12 Cycling None As early as 1870, track races in England were regularly attracting large crowds. The riders competed on wooden indoor tracks that closely resembled the modern velodromes of today. Such tracks ensured the event could be competed all year round. Track
2010-03-26 11:56:54 None 2010-07-28 Regent's Park 2010-08-12 Cycling None The bicycle was invented as a means of transport in the early 1800s. It did not take long for people to start racing on their bikes. The first official race - a two-kilometre (1.25 mile) event in Paris - was held in 1868. Road
2010-03-26 11:56:50 None 2010-07-28 Hadleigh Farm, Essex 2010-08-12 Cycling None In the 1970s, mountain biking developed as a fringe sport in California. Taking a bike off-road was nothing new but the development of a new bike that relished such terrain was. The bikes had fatter tyres, rapid-shift gears, drum brakes and ground-breaking suspension. They gave thrill-seeking cyclists much more freedom. Mountain biking was born. The members of the Velo Club Mount Tamalpais in California generally receive the credit for establishing mountain biking as a sport. They invented the Repack Downhill race, held regularly between 1976 and 1979 just across the famous Golden Gate Bridge from San Francisco. The races attracted riders from near and far, and the media soon started taking an interest. The first national championships in mountain biking were contested in 1983 in the United States. the sport soon took off in Europe and Australia and the first Mountain Bike World Championships recognised by the UCI were organised in 1990. Mountain Bike
2010-03-26 11:56:46 None 2010-07-28 VeloPark 2010-08-12 Cycling None Bicycle motocross (BMX) started in the late 1960s in California, around the time that motocross became a popular sport in the USA. The motorised version of the sport was the inspiration for the human-powered competition. A sanctioning body for BMX in the USA was created in the early 1970s. Over the following decade, the sport gradually gained in international popularity. In April 1981, the International BMX Federation was founded. It became evident that the sport had more in common with cycling than motorcycling. This was officially recognised in 1993 when BMX was fully integrated into the International Cycling Union (UCI). BMX
2010-03-26 11:56:42 12 2010-08-06 Eton Dorney 2010-08-11 Canoe 246 Canoe Sprint reached the Olympic Games as a demonstration event in 1924. It became a full medal sport at Berlin 1936, with women first competing (in Kayak only) in London 1948. Sprint
2010-03-26 11:56:41 4 2010-07-29 Broxbourne White Water Canoe Centre  2010-08-01 Canoe 82 The first Olympic Canoe Slalom was at the Munich Games in 1972.  It came back into the Olympic arena in Barcelona in 1992 and has stayed in since. Slalom
2010-03-26 11:56:39 13 2010-07-28 ExCeL 2010-08-12 Boxing 286 Boxing is the original combat sport. It featured in the ancient Olympic Games, when opponents would fight each other with strips of leather wrapped around their fists. After centuries of bloody – and sometimes deadly – bareknuckle fights in England, the sport was eventually regulated by the Queensbury rules, created by the Marquess of Queensbury in 1867. Today’s best boxers fight their way to the top through a combination of strength and skill. None
2010-03-26 11:56:37 28 2010-07-28 North Greenwich Arena 1 2010-08-12 Basketball 288 Basketball is usually considered an American sport, but it was actually invented by a Canadian churchman called James Naismith. He wanted to create a game that could be played indoors during the winter, as a way of keeping his students at the YMCA in shape. Today, Basketball is played worldwide, with players from more than 30 countries strutting their stuff in the American National Basketball Association (NBA) - the world’s leading professional league.  None
2010-03-26 11:56:36 5 2010-07-28 None 2010-08-04 Badminton 172 Badminton grew out of game called ‘Poone’, which was popular in India in the 19th century. Its modern rules were created by an Englishman, John Loraine Baldwin, who named the new sport after Badminton House, where he – and many other visitors – had enjoyed playing a game involving ‘battledores’, shuttlecocks and a net in the Great Hall. Badminton quickly caught on in the United Kingdom in the late 19th century. Today it is among the world’s most popular sports, both in terms of participation and spectator numbers. None
2010-03-26 11:56:34 47 2010-08-03 Olympic Stadium 2010-08-12 Athletics None Athletics includes many different events, but all are based on the principle of simple physical competition. The sport is the perfect expression of the Olympic motto: Citius, Altius, Fortius – Faster, Higher, Stronger. It requires athletes to run faster, throw further, jump higher and longer than everyone else. And people have taken part in such contests since the start of recorded history. The first official Athletics competitions took place at the ancient Olympic Games, and the sport developed through public fairs and festivals around the world. None
2010-03-26 11:56:30 4 2010-07-28 Lord's Cricket Ground 2010-08-04 Archery 128 Archery developed as a sport in Medieval England, where tournaments were held to encourage the military art of the Archer in peacetime. Today’s bows are made from special aluminium alloy and laminated carbon materials. They are designed to shoot aluminium and carbon graphite arrows at speeds of more than 150mph. None
2010-03-26 11:56:29 2 2010-07-28 Aquatics Centre 2010-08-12 Aquatics 260 Water Polo was developed in Europe and the United States as two differing sports. When Water Polo first began, fighting between players was common, if not the norm. In 1897, New Yorker Harold Reeder formulated the first American rules for discipline, which were aimed at curbing the sport’s more violent tendencies. Ultimately, the faster, less dangerous European style predominated, and today this is the form of the game practised universally Water Polo
2010-03-26 11:56:27 2 2010-07-28 Aquatics Centre 2010-08-12 Aquatics 104 At the turn of the 20th century, Annette Kellerman, an Australian swimmer, toured the United States performing water acrobatics. Her shows proved very popular and a sport was born. The sport was developed further by Katherine Curtis, who had the idea of combining water acrobatics with music. Her students performed at the 1933-34 Chicago ‘Century of Progress’ Fair, where the announcer, former Olympic Swimming gold medallist Norman Ross, coined the term "synchronised swimming". The competitive aspect was developed around the same time when Frank Havlicek, a student of Katherine Curtis, drew up a set of rules. Synchronised Swimming
2010-03-26 11:56:25 34 2010-07-28 Aquatics Centre 2010-08-12 Aquatics 850 Prehistoric man learnt to swim in order to cross rivers and lakes – we know this because cave paintings from the Stone Age depicting swimmers have been found in Egypt. Swimming was also referred to in Greek mythology. The first organised swimming races did not take place until the 19th century, when the National Swimming Society of Great Britain was created. There were still no official rules or standards when Aquatics featured in the programme for the first modern Olympic Games in Athens 1896, Paris 1900 and St Louis 1904. The Federation Internationale de Natation (FINA) was formed during the London 1908 Olympic Games competition to act as a governing body for the sport. Swimming
2010-03-26 11:56:23 8 2010-07-28 Aquatics Centre 2010-08-12 Aquatics None Diving developed from gymnastics. It started in Sweden and Germany in the 18th century, when gymnasts started performing tumbling routines into the water. In the late 19th century a group of Swedish divers visited Great Britain. They put on diving displays that proved hugely popular and led to the formation of the first diving organisation, the Amateur Diving Association, in 1901. Diving
2010-03-26 11:57:20 14 2010-07-28 North Greenwich Arena 1 2010-08-14 Gymnastics 196 The grace, strength and skill of Olympic gymnasts have been amazing audiences ever since the ancient Games were first held in Greece. In those days, people went to a 'gymnasium' to exercise their minds as well as their bodies, and to take part in cultural activities like philosophy and music. The term ‘artistic gymnastics’ emerged in the early 1800s. It was used to distinguish free-flowing styles from techniques used in military training. Gymnastic competitions began to flourish in schools and athletic clubs across Europe. Disciplines originally included club swinging, rock lifting and even swimming, which appeared in 1922. Between 1896 and 1924 the sport evolved into what we recognise as modern Gymnastics. Artistic
2010-03-26 11:57:24 2 2010-07-28 None 2010-08-14 Gymnastics None Rhythmic Gymnastics evolved in the 1800s from a host of related disciplines. It incorporated elements from classical ballet, such as pliés and arabesques, as well as the German system of emphasising apparatus work for muscle development and the Swedish method of using free exercise to develop rhythm. Originally group gymnastics with some choreography, it grew slowly until the first experimental competitions appeared in eastern Europe in the 1930s. The International Gymnastics Federation FIG recognised rhythmic gymnastics as an official discipline in 1963, and a year later organised an international tournament in Budapest. In 1964 the tournament was officially declared the first Rhythmic Gymnastics World Championships. Ludmila Savinkova of the Soviet Union became the first world champion. The number of athletes grew as interest spread to other parts of the world. Gymnasts from the United States first appeared at the championships in 1973, Rhythmic
2010-03-26 11:57:24 2 2010-07-28 North Greenwich Arena 1 2010-08-14 Gymnastics 16 The first modern trampoline was built in 1934 at the University of Iowa to help train tumblers and astronauts. It was also used as a tool to help divers, gymnasts and freestyle skiers improve their acrobatic skills. People enjoyed the sensation so much, they began to trampoline for sheer fun, and it became popular in its own right. Trampoline
2010-03-26 11:57:26 2 2010-07-28 Handball Arena 2010-08-12 Handball 336 Handball has elements of both Football and Basketball – but it’s probably older than both. There are references to a sport very similar to Handball in ancient Greek literature. The modern game was developed in Europe in the late 19th century, in Denmark, Sweden and Germany. Originally played as ‘field handball’ on a football pitch and 11-a-side, Handball was based on the games of ‘Raffball’ and ‘Königsbergerball’. An indoor 7-a-side version of the games was also very popular, with World Championships taking place regularly since 1938 (men) and 1957 (women). During the 1960s, despite numerous rule changes intended to make the 11-a-side game more attractive, the faster, 7-a-side indoor version of Handball dominated. The last World Championship for field handball was played in Austria in 1966. Today, fast-moving, high-scoring matches make Handball one of the most popular Olympic sports in continental Europe. None
2010-03-26 11:57:27 2 2010-07-29 Hockey Centre 2010-08-11 Hockey 384 The origins of hockey can be traced back to the earliest civilisations of the world. The modern sport of Field Hockey was developed in the British Isles as an alternative to Football for cricketers seeking a winter sport in the mid-19th century. The game spread through the British Empire, largely due to the British Army, who played it at their many bases all around the world. Until the 1970s, Hockey was always played on grass, but top-level matches now take place on pitches made of synthetic turf, which allows the ball to roll more smoothly. This has increased the speed of the game and the skill level of the world’s top players. None
2010-03-26 11:57:29 14 2010-07-28 ExCeL 2010-08-03 Judo 386 Judo developed from Jujitsu - the hand-to-hand combat technique of ancient samurai warriors. Its name, which means ‘the gentle way’ in Japanese, reflects its moral code of politeness, courage, sincerity, self-control, honour, modesty, friendship and respect. Judo was established as a modern physical activity in Japan, 1882, when Professor Jigoro Kano founded his ‘Kodokan Judo’. Responsible for education, he was aware that physical education in his country at that time was sadly lacking. Kano was also a prominent figure in the Japanese Olympic movement. The first Judo club to open in Europe was the Budokwai in London. Founded in 1918, it still operates today. Judo is now the most popular martial art in the world, with 13 million participants in 111 countries. None
2010-03-26 11:57:30 2 2010-08-11 Greenwich Park 2010-08-12 Modern Pentathlon 36 Modern Pentathlon has its origins in a 19th-century legend. It is said that a young French cavalry officer was sent on horseback to deliver a message. To complete his mission he had to ride, fence, shoot, swim and run – the same five challenges that face competitors in Modern Pentathlon today. None
2010-03-26 11:57:32 14 2010-07-28 Eton Dorney 2010-08-05 Rowing 550 Rowing is known for legendary displays of strength and stamina. The first Rowing races took place on the River Thames in Shakespeare’s time, when Londoners bet on the ferries crossing between the banks. The sport developed its modern form during the 19th century, after universities adopted it as a competitive event. So began a tradition that remains to this day with the annual Boat Race between Oxford and Cambridge university students. None
2010-03-26 11:57:34 10 2010-07-28 Weymouth and Portland 2010-08-11 Sailing 380 Sailing, previously known as Yachting, developed as a sport from an ancient means of transport over water. It is thought to have begun in the Netherlands, with the word ‘yacht’ based on the Dutch word ‘jaght’, meaning ‘light shipping or naval craft’. The sport was brought to England by King Charles II, who discovered it during his exile in the Netherlands in the mid-16th century. International competition started in 1851 when an American crew sailed across the Atlantic to take part in a race around the Isle of Wight. The event was re-named the America’s Cup, which remains one of the most prestigious competition in Sailing today. The sport of Sailing at the Olympic Games now includes Windsurfing, Dinghy, Keelboat and Match racing. None
2010-03-26 11:57:35 15 2010-07-28 The Royal Artillery Barracks 2010-08-05 Shooting 390 Shooting developed as a hunting sport. The earliest shooting clubs recorded in central Europe in the 15th century. The rules and competition structure of modern shooting were developed in Europe and the USA, spreading worldwide in the late 19th century. Today, top ‘marksmen’ and women come from a wide range of countries - every continent is represented at the Olympic Games. None
2010-03-26 11:57:36 4 2010-07-28 ExCeL 2010-08-07 Table Tennis 172 Table Tennis began as an after-dinner game, played by upper-class English families. It is now the world’s biggest participation sport, with 40 million competitive players. Table Tennis has come a long way from its beginnings in the 19th century, when cigar boxes and carved champagne corks were used as bats and balls. Today’s top players use high-tech rackets, hitting the ball at speeds of more than 100mph (160kph). None
2010-03-26 11:57:37 8 2010-08-08 ExCeL 2010-08-11 Taekwondo 128 The modern form of Taekwondo wasn’t agreed until 1955, but the sport has its roots in various Korean forms of martial arts stretching back more than 2,000 years. ‘Taekwondo’ translates into English as “the art of the foot and the fist" – an accurate description of the way it is played. Powerful kicks and punches are literally the name of the game. None
2010-03-26 11:57:42 29 2010-07-28 Wimbledon 2010-08-05 Tennis 172 Tennis was born in the 11th century when a game called ‘Jeu de Paume’ became popular in French monasteries and palaces. The sport developed in England, where croquet lawns were used to stage the first official Lawn Tennis matches. At Athens 1896, the first Olympic Tennis tournament was won by Irish student John Boland. He went to the Games just to watch, but returned an Olympic champion. Compare that to today, when competitors are among the biggest names in world sport, used to playing for millions on the international circuit. None
2010-03-26 11:57:43 2 2010-08-06 Hyde park 2010-08-07 Triathlon 110 Triathlon is thought to be the fastest-growing individual sport in the United Kingdom. It attracts a wide range of athletes because it combines three different disciplines: Swimming, Cycling and Running. The sport developed from the fitness craze that swept California in the early 1970s, and the first race held in San Diego in 1974. None
2010-03-26 11:57:47 2 2010-07-28 Earls Court 2010-08-12 Volleyball 288 Volleyball began in the same place as Basketball – a YMCA gym in Massachusetts, USA. In 1895, four years after James Naismith invented Basketball, his friend William G. Morgan came up with a game he called ‘Mintonette’ – designed as a more gentle alternative to Basketball for older members of the gym. Mintonette grew into modern Volleyball, which is anything but gentle, as players leap and smash their way to success in one of the world’s fastest sports. None
2010-03-26 11:57:52 2 2010-07-28 Horse Guards Parade 2010-08-12 Volleyball 96 Beach volleyball first appeared in the early 1920s in Santa Monica, California. Then what started out as just some family fun became a sport spreading rapidly across the world. By the 1930s, the game had reached countries like Czechoslovakia, Latvia and Bulgaria. The first official two-man tournament took place in 1947, and the first beach volleyball circuit, involving hundreds of players and five California beaches, began in the 1950s.  Beach
2010-03-26 11:57:56 21 2010-07-28 ExCeL 2010-08-08 Weightlifting 260 Early ‘strongman’ contests developed into the modern sport of Weightlifting during the 19th century. Today, the world’s strongest men and women regularly lift more than three times their body weight. They need to combine power, speed, technique, concentration and timing. None
2010-03-26 11:58:00 21 2010-08-04 ExCeL 2010-08-12 Wrestling 344 Wrestling can be traced as far back as human records go. There is evidence of its early existence in ancient Egyptian wall paintings. In ancient Greece, 2,000 years later, it was among the most popular events at the original Olympic Games. The sport has taken many forms over its long history. Different versions have flourished in different areas of the world. None
August 2010
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July 2010
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March 2010
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